Treatment of gingival diseases
Gum; It is a tissue structure that keeps the teeth alive by feeding the root of the teeth with the blood vessels. As it is understood from the definition, it is important to maintain the gums for healthy teeth. However, gingival recession and gingival bleeding may indicate a problem in this tissue.
Gingival recession may be the beginning of a process that can lead to the loss of teeth. In the treatment of gums, bacteria and tooth stones are removed from the tooth surface which is opened to the roots. Healthy gum is re-adhered to the parts of the tooth that should remain closed. This process is also known as curettage. Gum-strengthening toothpaste or medicines can be used as supportive for treatment.
Bacteria that accumulate in the base of the teeth, settle in the inner parts of the tooth after a period of time and cause decay to the root of the tooth. In this case, the tooth root can be in contact with the air and may be damaged.
This contact causes tooth inflammation, and when advanced levels are reached, the tooth is pulled. In the dental filling process, the caries are cleaned and the gap is filled with a material compatible with the tooth. This is a procedure for not losing the tooth. Today there are many types of filler materials used in dentistry.
If the caries have damaged the nerve parts of the tooth, channel treatment is preferred before filling. This method also prevents the tooth from having any more problems. In the canal treatment method, the nerves are cut after the caries are cleaned. After sterilization, these areas are closed with filling materials. So the tooth won’t ache again.
Tooth extraction is the last application that a good dentist should choose. In this method, which is applied for completely lost teeth, by the help of local anesthesia, the tooth is removed as a whole or in pieces and removed from the jaw bone. Wisdom teeth are considered as a more difficult and risky surgery. Although the roots of the wisdom teeth are weak, their size may be large or they may be contiguous with the jaw bone. This requires jaw bone surgery.
Prosthetics and bridge applications are artificial dental techniques applied for wide spaces on the tooth bone. Half or full palate prostheses are designed according to the person’s mouth size. It is placed in the patient’s mouth, fixed or portable.
Especially for the loss of the anterior teeth or diastema problems, a technique is applied to screw the tooth to the jaw bone. It provides more comfortable and natural results compared to prosthesis application.
Orthodontic treatment is used to remove the condition known as tooth distortion. Provides proper alignment of teeth to jawbone using braces.
Braces are wrapped, tightened or replaced at the end of certain periods under the control of the specialist physician. The goal is to achieve the most natural and aesthetic appearance of the teeth.